Sources of projected employment data
National projections are developed by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. The Maryland projections are developed in the Office of Workforce Information and
Performance within the Maryland Department of Labor, Licensing and Regulation.
The long term projection period for Maryland is developed on a ten-year basis. National projections are developed on a 2-year schedule and Maryland follows a similar schedule.
All data are based on place of work and represent the numbers of jobs, both full-time and part-time. Projected employment implies filled demand and assumes a labor supply to
meet the needs. Job vacancies and surplus supply are not addressed in the numbers. Numbers are rounded to the nearest 5. (Rounding of data to the nearest 5 may affect
Employment change is important because occupations with large employment that are projected to grow slowly may create more jobs than occupations with small employment that are
projected to grow rapidly.
Industry data uses the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS).
Occupations covered by the projections reflect the Standard Occupational Classification, which is the basis of the Occupational Employment Statistics survey used to gather
occupational employment data in cooperation with the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Many occupations are not identified separately in this classification and are included in
Employment may not be found in all occupations in sufficient numbers to warrant the development of occupational projections or they may not meet publication standards.
Total openings is the sum of the positive employment change over the projection period and an estimate of the number of jobs that will arise from the need to replace workers
who will die, retire, or permanently leave the occupation for other reasons over the projection period. Occupations with declining employment will have job openings equal to
replacement needs, since openings cannot have a negative value.
Education and training
In 2011, the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) finalized a new classification system for identifying the education and training requirements of detailed occupations.
The new BLS system provides individual assignments to each occupation for three dimensions: education, work experience in a related occupation, and on-the-job training. The
objective of the new system is to present a more complete picture of the education and training needed for entry into a given occupation and to become competent at performing
BLS assigns the following categories to each occupation:
- Entry level education-represents the typical education level needed to enter an occupation. There are eight possible assignments for this category. The educational levels
are: Doctoral or professional degree, Master's degree, Bachelor's degree, Associate's degree, Postsecondary non-degree award, Some college, no degree, High school diploma or
equivalent and Less than high school.
- Work experience in a related occupation-indicates if work experience in a related occupation is commonly considered necessary by employers for entry into the occupation,
or is a commonly accepted substitute for formal types of training. Assignments for this category will be more than 5 years, 1-5 years, less than 1 year, or none.
- Typical on-the-job training-indicates the typical on-the-job training needed to attain competency in the occupation. Assignments for this category include
internship/residency; apprenticeship; long-term, moderate-term, or short-term on-the-job training; or none.
For some occupations, education code may be blank due to publication standards. Also, education codes are for detailed occupations only and not groups of occupations.